TAFIRI – Tanzanian Fisheries Research Institute
Fish and fishery products: quality, standards and marketing
Aquatic ecosystems and Biodiversity
Human activities (such as illegal fishing methods/gears, poor agricultural practices, mining, deforestation, biomass burning) and natural processes have an impact on sustainability of aquatic ecosystems. Therefore, research is needed to understand their current status, and how human activities and natural processes may affect ecosystem components, structure and functioning in the future in order to devise mitigation measures.
Climate change and environment
Climate change has significant impacts on aquatic ecosystems. It modifies biological, chemical and physical conditions in the marine and freshwater, which affects the sustainability of human uses of aquatic resource. Consequently, research is needed for better understanding, detecting, and forecasting changes and providing scientific information for developing mitigation strategies.
With increasing fishing pressure and declining fish catches in the wild stocks, attention is now turned into developing aquaculture systems capable of meeting demand of growing human population. Therefore, there is a need to carry out research on the development of high efficiency and environmental friendly culture technology and identify new species that can be efficiently cultured
Fisheries management encompasses a number of socio-economic factors which impact the validity and effectiveness of the best scientific advises. Consequently, understanding the socio-economic aspects of the fishery and how are linked to the overall policies and fisheries management measures is very essential. Also the contribution of fisheries in the national economy and food security is under reported due to inadequate socio-economic information and research. Sustainability of fisheries resource is influenced by socio-economic as well as politics.
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